92 Nutrients and 46 Antioxidants in Moringa Oleifera

The most nutritious plant ever discovered

Moringa has been used in various societies, Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Indian, for thousands of years dating as far back as 650 AD. In the last decade, a lot of information about the nutritional and functional values of Moringa has been generated.

Moringa is a rich source of essential nutrients and bioactive compounds (phytonutrients). This tree has been cultivated for its amazing health benefits. Moringa has been thriving in the toughest circumstances, being one of the most nutrient rich plants globally: it grows where it is most needed providing a One Stop solution of essential vitamins, minerals, protein and fibers. On top it is 100% Pure, Organic, Vegan and Gluten Free, utilized and proven by indigenous people for thousands of years.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has done scientific researches on Moringa and concluded it is extremely nutritional. As a source of vitamin, A and iron they are among the best of all tropical plants. In developing tropical countries, Moringa trees have been used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers.

Moringa’s health benefits are astonishing:

Moringa consists of 92 nutrients and 46 natural antioxidants plus several anti-inflammatory compounds. The sheer number of nutrients found in Moringa brings it to the top of the superfoods list, and in its native locations, it is said that Moringa can treat more than 300 diseases and illnesses.

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  • Ca – Calcium
  • K – Potassium
  • Cu – Copper
  • S – Sulphur
  • Zn – Zinc
  • Cr – Chromium
  • B – Boron
  • Mg – Magnesium
  • P – Phosphorus
  • Fe – Iron
  • Na – Sodium
  • As – Arsenic
  • Mn – Manganese
  • Se – Selenium
  • A – Vitamin A
  • B1 – Vitamin B1
  • B2 – Vitamin B2
  • B3 – Vitamin B3
  • C – Vitamin C
  • E – Vitamin E
  • K1 – Vitamin K1

Vitamins: Moringa contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, K1, E and D.

Vitamin A

It’s good for your eyes, your immune system and the health of your teeth and skin.

Vitamin B1

It helps maintain a healthy nervous system, and it can improve cardiovascular function and the body’s ability to cope with stress.

Vitamin B2

It plays a key role energy production and as such, is a very important nutrient in your diet. In addition, it can also contribute to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

Vitamin B3

It contributes to the proper functioning of the nervous system, normal psychological function and radiant, healthy skin.

Vitamin C

It helps to strengthen blood vessels, increase skin elasticity, improve antioxidant function and supports iron absorption.

Vitamin E

It can play an important role in protecting your cells against oxidative stress.

Vitamin K1

It helps in blood clotting and building strong bones, and is a crucial part of other bodily processes.

Minerals: Moringa contains the following Minerals: Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Chloride:

Calcium

The body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth. This important mineral also plays a role in neurotransmission and muscle function, including the heart.

Sodium

Sodium plays a variety of important roles in the body, including helping to maintain healthy fluid balance and contributing to proper muscle contraction and nerve impulse conduction.

Potassium

Potassium plays a key role in regulating the electrical activity of the heart, making it vital to maintaining normal heart rhythm. Your body also needs this mineral to build proteins, break down and utilize carbohydrates, maintain proper blood pH and support normal growth.

Magnesium

Magnesium is necessary for the proper functioning of over 300 biochemical processes in the body. As a relaxing ion, its role is to help maintain normal nerve and muscle function, help to steady the heartbeat and support a healthy immune system.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus helps build strong bones and teeth and plays a key role in protein production and cell repair.

Chloride

Chlorides helps balance the fluids in your body and play an essential role in the production of digestive juices in the stomach

Vital compounds

Proteins

Proteins are necessary for building and repairing tissue, and are essential components of enzymes, hormones, and other organic compounds.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants protect our cells from damage caused by harmful free radicals.

Omega 3 & 6

These oils are important for brain development, immune system function and blood pressure regulation.

Amino Acids: Moringa contains the following essential amino acids:

  • Threonine which is a nutrient that helps metabolism and prevent fatty build up in the liver. It also aids digestion.
  • Isoleucine is good for a healthy brain and helps to give the body natural energy.
  • Leucine works hand in hand with Isoleucine to increase energy levels.
  • Phenylalanine aid communication between the brain’s nerve cells and helps to reduce hunger pangs and it also increases alertness and improve memory.
  • Tryptophan supports your immune system, and its mood boosting ability helps to beat depression and anxiety-associated insomnia. It also reduces the risk of heart attack and lowers bad cholesterol levels.
  • Lysine aids the absorption of calcium into the bones, supports antibodies and regulates various hormones as well as inhibiting the growth of virus cells.
  • Methionine provides the body with Sulphur as well as helping to lower cholesterol.  It also supports the liver, kidneys, and helps you to stay younger for longer by keeping skin, hair and nails healthy.
  • Valine helps to keep the mind calm.

Yes, there are other amino acids in Moringa too which are non-essential to the body but are still good for supporting your health. These include histidine, alanine, glutamic acid, arginine, cysteine, proline, aspartic acid, glycine, serine and tyrosine. (source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213453016300362)

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Part of tree Medicinal Uses Nutritive properties
Leaves Moringa leaves treat asthma, hyperglycemia, Dyslipidemia, flu, heart burn, syphilis, malaria, pneumonia, diarrhea, headaches, scurvy, skin diseases, bronchitis, eye and ear infections. Also reduces, blood pressure and cholesterol and acts as an anticancer, antimicrobial, Antioxidant, antidiabetic and anti-atherosclerotic agents, neuroprotectant Moringa leaves contain fiber, fat proteins and minerals like Ca, Mg, P, K, Cu, Fe, and S. Vitamins like Vitamin-A (Beta-carotene), vitamin B-choline, vitamin B1-thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid and ascorbic acid are present. Various amino acids like Arg, His, Lys, Trp, Phe, Thr, Leu, Met, Ile, Val are present. Phytochemicals like tannins, sterols, saponins, trepenoids, phenolics, alkaloids and flavanoids like quercitin, isoquercitin, kaemfericitin, isothiocyanates and glycoside compounds are present
Seeds Seeds of moringa help in treating hyperthyroidism, Crohn’s disease, anti-herpes-simplex virus arthritis, rheumatism, gout, cramp, epilepsy and sexually transmitted diseases, can act as antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agents Contains oleic acid (Ben oil), antibiotic called pterygospermin, and fatty acids like Linoleic acid, linolenic acid, behenic acid, Phytochemicals like tannins, saponin, phenolics, phytate, flavonoids, terpenoids and lectins. Apart from these, fats, fiber, proteins, minerals, vitamins like A, B, C and amino acids
Root Bark Root bark acts as a cardiac stimulant, anti-ulcer and anti-inflammatory agent Alkaloids like morphine, moriginine, minerals like calcium, magnesium and sodium
Flower Moringa flowers act as hypocholesterolemic, anti-arthritic agents can cure urinary problems and cold It contains calcium and potassium and amino acids. They also contain nectar
Pods Moringa pods treat diarrhea, liver and spleen problems, and joint pain Rich in fiber, lipids, non-structural carbohydrates, protein and ash. Fatty acids like oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid and linolenic acid are also present

If you think it cannot get better than this, please have a look at the overview of the 92 nutrients in Moringa Oleifera:

 

Minerals Aldehydes
1.Iron 64.Pentena
2.Copper 65.2-Hexenal
3.Sodium 66.Heptenal
4.Calcium 67.2,4-Heptadienal
5.Magnesium Alcohols
6.Phosphorus 68.2-Pentenol
7.Potassium 69.3,3-Dimethyl-Cyclohexanol
8.Sulfur 70.Benzyl Alcohol
9.Manganese Ketones
10.Zinc 71.Methyl Heptanone
11.Selenium 72. 2-Hexen-4-Olide
Vitamins 2-Acetyl Pyrrole
12.Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 74.Dihydroactinidolide
13.Vitamin E Terpenoids
14.Vitamin B1 75.Alpha-Himachalene
15.Vitamin B6 76.(E)-Geranyl Acetone
16.Vitamin B7 >77.Ti(E)-Beta-Ionone
17.Vitamin D Acids
18.Vitamin K 78.Acetic Acid
19.Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 79.Pentanoic Acid
20.Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 80.Hexanoic Acid
21.Vitamin C 81.Octadecanoic Acid
Amino Acids 82.Hexadecanoic Acid
22.Aspartic Acid 83. Erythrobic Acid
23.Glutamic Acid 84.Citric Acid
24.Serine Others
25.Glycine 85.Mechlorophyll
26.Threonine 86.Medihydrozeatin
27.Alanine 87.Zeatin
28.Valine 88.Carbohydrates
29.Leucine 89.Fibers
30.Isoleucine Alkaloids
31.Histidine 90.Moringine
32.Lysine 91.Strophantidin
33.Arginine 92.4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
34.Phenylalanine 93.Benzyl Isothiocyanate
35.Tryptophan 94.4-(4’-O-Acetyl-Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
36.Cystine 95.Benzyl Isothioyanate
37.Proline Flavonoids
38.Tyrosine 96.Catechin
39.Methionine 97.4-(Β-D-Glucopyranosyl-1→4-Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
40.Cysteine 98.Benzyl Thiocarboxamide
41.Phenylalanine 99.Epicatechin
42.Choline 100.4-O-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
Fats 101.Benzyl Glucosinolate
43.Myristic 102.Quercetin
44.Palmitic 103.4-(Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)-Benzylglucosinolate
45.Palmitoleic 104.Kaempferol
46.Stearic 105.Niazimicin
47.Oleic 106.4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
48.Linoleic 107.Benzyl Acetonitrile (Niazirin)
49.Linolenic 108.O-Ethyl-4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
50.Arachidic 109.Benzyl Carmate
51.Eicosenoic Phenolic
52.Behenic 110.Gallic Acid
53.Lignoceric 111.Glycerol-1-1-(9-Octadecanoate)
Sterols 112.P-Coumaric Acid
54.Cholesterol 113.3-O-(6’-O-Oleoyl-Β-D-Glucopyranosyl)-Β-Sitosterol
55.Brassicasterol 114.Ferulic Acid
56.24-Methylenecholesterol 115.Β-Sitosterol-3-O-Β-D-Glucopyranoside
57.Campesterol 116.Caffeic Acid
58.Stigmasterol 117.3-Hydroxy-4-(Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
59.Ergostadienol 118.Benzyl Glucosinolate
60.Clerosterol 119.Protocatechuic Acid
61.Stigmastanol 120.4-(2/3/4′-O-Acetyl-Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
62.Β-Sitosterol 121.Benzyl Glucosinolate
63.Venasterol 122.Cinnamic Acid
123.Glucosinalbin
124.Ellagic Acid
125.Glucoraphanin
126.Glucoiberin

46 natural antioxidants in Moringa:

 Antioxidants (9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15)
1.       Β-Carotene
2.       Calcium
3.       Potassium
4.       Quercetin
5.       Chlorogenic Acid
6.       Hydroxyanisole (BHA)
7.       Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)
8.       Tertiary-Butylhydroquinones
9.       Propyl Gallate
10.   Vitamin E (Tocopherols)
11.   Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
12.   Glucose Oxidase
13.   Reduced Glutathione
14.   Citric Acid
15.   Polyphospages
16.   Aminopolycarboxylic Acids
17.   Vanillin
18.   Moringine
19.   Strophantidin
20.   4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
21.   Benzyl Isothiocyanate
22.   4-(4’-O-Acetyl-Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
23.   Benzyl Isothioyanate
24.   Catechin
25.   4-(Β-D-Glucopyranosyl-1→4-Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
26.   Benzyl Thiocarboxamide
27.   Epicatechin
28.   4-O-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
29.   Benzyl Glucosinolate
30.   Quercetin
31.   4-(Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)-Benzylglucosinolate
32.   Kaempferol
33.   Niazimicin
34.   4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
35.   Benzyl Acetonitrile (Niazirin)
36.   O-Ethyl-4-(Α-L-Rhamnosyloxy)
37.   Benzyl Carmate
38.   Gallic Acid
39.   Glycerol-1-1-(9-Octadecanoate)
40.   P-Coumaric Acid
41.   3-O-(6’-O-Oleoyl-Β-D-Glucopyranosyl)-Β-Sitosterol
42.   Ferulic Acid
43.   Β-Sitosterol-3-O-Β-D-Glucopyranoside
44.   Caffeic Acid
45.   3-Hydroxy-4-(Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
46.   Benzyl Glucosinolate
47.   Protocatechuic Acid
48.   4-(2/3/4′-O-Acetyl-Α-L-Rhamnopyranosyloxy)
49.   Benzyl Glucosinolate
50.   Cinnamic Acid
51.   Glucosinalbin
52.   Ellagic Acid
53.   Glucoraphanin
54.   Glucoiber

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